MVC stands for Model-View-Controller. It is a software design pattern which was introduced in 1970s. Also, MVC pattern forces a separation of concerns, it means domain model and controller logic are decoupled from user interface (view). As a result maintenance and testing of the application become simpler and easier.
MVC is one of three ASP.NET programming models. MVC is a framework for building web applications using a MVC (Model View Controller) design: The Model represents the application core (for instance a list of database records). The View displays the data (the database records).